Elizabeth Richeza of Poland
Queen of Bohemia and Poland
Born 1286 – Died 1335
Claim to fame: Twice widowed by age 21, Elizabeth survived whilst the men in her life fell like flies.
After the murder of her father, Przemysl II of Poland, nine year old Elizabeth (then known as Richeza) was the only surviving heir.
At fourteen, Elizabeth married Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and became Queen of Bohemia and Poland.
Five years later, Elizabeth gave birth to her only child Agnes. Within just a few days, her husband was dead from tuberculosis. Elizabeth took over as regent until her stepson could take the throne, but he was murdered shortly after becoming King. Elizabeth then married the next successor, Rudolf of Habsburg, who died from dysentery the following year. Elizabeth was left with her dowry towns and a huge amount of money by Rudolf’s father, who was murdered shortly after.
As her relations grappled for the Bohemian throne, Elizabeth settled outside of Prague with her lover Jindřich of Lipá. They spent many happy years together until his death in 1329.
Elizabeth was very influential in her final years, supporting churches, convents and the production of illustrated hymn books.
She is buried in Brno beside her beloved Jindřich.
Madecki, R., (2011). The Poles and polonophiles in the history of Brno and Southern Moravia.
Mahoney, M., (2011). The History of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Greenwood, California.